North American F-86E/F Sabre

REFERENCE

IMPORTANT: All information is intended for use in Flight Simulator only and not for real aviation. It is also strongly recommended to read the Flight Manual and Checklist before your first flight.

A. INSTRUMENT PANEL

Instrument Panel

  1. Throttle Console Popup Icon
    Move mouse arrow over hotspot to show up icons for popup panels.
    Refer to SECTION B.
  2. Flight Map Popup Icon
  3. GPS Popup Icon
    To connect the ID-249 Course Indicator (VOR1), ID-310 Range Indicator (VOR1), and ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle) to the GPS signal, the VOR1 Source Selector Switch must be in position AUX.
  4. VHF Receivers & IFF/SIF Control Popup Icon
    Move mouse arrow over hotspot to show up icons for popup panels.
    Refer to SECTION D.
  5. Radio Compass Control Popup Icon
    Move mouse arrow over hotspot to show up icons for popup panels.
    Refer to SECTION E.
  6. External Power Switch
    Setting this switch to ON connects the airplane to an external electrical power source. Engine cannot be started without external power, starter motor won't activate (not equipped with iso propyl nitrate starter).
    [FS: Apart from this switch, also the Parking Brake Handle must be set IN, before external power will be supplied. If the aircraft has been connected successfully to the external power source, a power cart can be seen and heard working near the aircraft. In FSX, it may take a few seconds after the power cart has appeared, until electrical power actually is available and the sound is heard.]
    [FS2004-Compatibility: External power is supported with FSX only. This causes, that in FS2004 with Battery-Starter Switch in position OFF, the electrical main bus is not energized (ie. no warning light will work), although the power cart sound is audible. But, engine can be started though in FS2004 (starter will activate).]
  7. Generator Switch
  8. Engine Master Switch
    Setting this switch to OFF, the engine is cut from any fuel and the electrical fuel pump won't work, regardless of the the current Throttle position.
  9. Emergency Ignition Switch
    Needed only during airstart. Use GLIDE AND AIRSTART CHECKLIST for restarting an engine after flame-out in flight.
  10. Fire Extinguisher Switch
    Extinguishes both kinds of engine fires, invoked by the FSX failure menu or caused by engine overstress due to flying longer than 30 minutes with military thrust (100%). Note, that the fire extinguisher bottle may be discharged after just one try.
  11. Battery-Starter Switch
    There is only one switch for battery and starter, the three positions are BATTERY (battery on), OFF (battery off), and STARTER (starter on). Therefore, to engage the starter, the switch must be moved to down-position (momentarily only, it's spring-loaded to OFF, there is no need to hold the switch in that position to keep the starter motor working). The starter automatically cuts out at approx. 23% rpm. However, a Stop Starter Button for start abort is available.
    Note, that the starter can't be activated without external electrical power. This also implies, that this switch is not used for airstart (see GLIDE AND AIRSTART CHECKLIST).
    [FS2004-Compatibility: In FS2004, after activating the starter, the switch will move not to OFF, but to BATTERY instead, because battery is not cut out during engine start (otherwise engine wouldn't start). See External Power Switch.
  12. Stop Starter Button
    Use, if starter motor is not cut out automatically, or for engine start abort, ie. if overtemperature condition (> 950°C) is encountered.
    [FS2004-Compatibility: It may take a few seconds until starter actually stops.]
  13. Starter Active Indicator Light
    Indicates, that the starter motor is engaged.
  14. Fuel Transfer Pump Switch
    To burn fuel from the Aft Fuselage Tank, the transfer pump must be turned on. Note, that fuel in the drop tanks will be consumed first, as long as the Drop Tank Pressure Shutoff Valve is open. However, if internal fuel is used, the fuel transfer pump can be toggled to consume the Aft Fuselage Tank before the Fwd Fuselage Tank (upper cell) or any other internal tank. See APPENDIX 1 for a more detailed description of the fuel tank system.
    [FS: If a flight situation is saved and reloaded later, the switch position will be restored as OFF, except for the case, the Aft Fuselage Tank was feeding at the time when the flight was saved (FS2004/FSX does not save the state of the fuel transfer pump).]
  15. Landing and Taxi Lights Switch
  16. Position Lights Switch
    Positions are STEADY, OFF, and FLASH.
  17. Stand-by Compass
    For emergency use only, when Directional Indicator has failed. Either magnetic or vacuum-driven (see Stand-by Compass Switch below).
  18. Stand-by Compass Switch
    Toggles Stand-by Compass (vacuum).
  19. Canopy Switch
    Canopy cannot be opened over 218 knots IAS.
  20. Parking Brake Handle
    [FS: External power won't be available with parking brake not set (see External Power Switch).]
  21. Engine Anti-ice and Screens Switch
    Position EXTEND installs engine screens, ie. used before landing (see PRE-TRAFFIC-PATTREN CHECKLIST). However, set to ANTI-ICE, if icing conditions are anticipated.
    [FS2004-Compatibility: In position ANTI-ICE, structural deicing is not toggled in FS2004.]
  22. Gear Horn Cut-out Button
    Gear warning horn activates with idle power without undercarriage down. This button may be used to silence the horn during a descent from high altitude when a power setting below 70% RPM is required.
  23. Gear Positions Indicator
    Shows green stripes (gear down and safe) or red stripes (gear up or unsafe) seperately for each gear, nose, left main, and right main. Note, that the gear position indicators move to red (unsafe) without electrical power (ie. when parked).
  24. Pitot Heater Switch
  25. Missile Control Panel - Target Indicator Light
    Radar target within missile fire range. For this light to work, the Master Armament Switch and the IFF - R/T Switch must be ON.
  26. Missile Control Panel - G-limit Light
    Indicates, that the current acceleration (G force) is beyond the limits for safe missile launch. Master Armament Switch must be ON.
  27. Gun-sight Hotspot
    Clicking the hotspot will remove the camera optics, the gun-sight or both. If desired, use for better front view in 2D-Panel.
    [FS2004-Compatibility: Gun-sight may look different in FS2004 due to missing alpha blending effect.]
  28. OSD Popup Hotspot
    The left part of the plate showing the emergency escape instructions is a hotspot for configuring the on-screen-display (OSD) located in the top left screen edge: By default, the current gear, flaps or speed brake positions are automatically displayed there, if one of the three systems is operated. Clicking the hotspot allows to completely turn off the feature (no indication), or on again.
  29. Airplane Status Popup Hotspot
    The right part of the plate showing the emergency escape instructions is a hotspot for toggling a popup window displaying information about the current airplane status, like weight and balance data, fuel left, used tank, center of gravity, current trim and other valuable data.
  30. Radio Call Hotspot
    The radio call plate shows airplane ATC ID number and clicking toggles the FS ATC window (can also be done with Microphone Button on throttle grip). VHF Command Radio (COM1) must be operative.
  31. Fuel Pressure Warning Light
    This light activates if the electrical fuel pump is not working at all or if fuel pressure is less than 20 PSI.
    CAUTION: Limit for inverted flight is 10 secs. Do not exceed (danger of flame-out due to low fuel pressure or failure of pump).
  32. Fuel Filter Deicing Button
    Depress button to activate the anti-icing system.
  33. Main Instrument Inverter Failure Warning Light
    Indicates that the electrical avionics bus is not energized (due to a failure invoked by the FS failure menu or the Main Instrument Inverter Switch is turned OFF).
  34. Drop Tank Empty Indicator Light
    If drop tank supply is depleted and engine is feeded by internal fuel, drop tanks can be released by pushing the Drop Tank Jettison Button, located on the left side console. See also Fuel Quantity Gage.
  35. Main Radar Warning Light
    A blinking light indicates other air traffic within 25 nautical miles. Use Cockpit-Quick-Infos to get distance, altitude and magnetic course to the detected AI aircraft. If used in a multiplayer session, only multiplayer aircraft will be recognized. The radar must be operative (IFF - Radar/Target Switch set ON).
  36. Oxygen Warning Light
    An oxygen cylinder pressure less than 100 PSI will activate the light. Oxygen Regulator Diluter Lever should be returned to NORMAL OXYGEN as soon as possible, because 100% will deplete the oxygen supply to a hazardous level in a short time.
    The Oxygen Warning Light is also a hotspot to open or close the Oxygen Regulator Panel (SECTION C).
  37. Take-off (Trim) Position Indicator Light
    The airplane is in trim for take-off, if aileron trim and rudder trim is neutral (centered), and elevator trim is in a +2° (nose-up) condition: Move Flight Control Switch to RESET (zeros all trim settings), then use Longitudinal Trim Switch (left side console) or Normal Trim Switch on the control stick (VC only) for nose-up trimming until the light turns on.
  38. Fire-warning Light (Fwd)
    May activate, if engine is overstressed caused by flying too long with military thrust. Use Fire Extinguisher Switch. If engine has failed, a restart may be possible using the airstart procedure described in the GLIDE AND AIRSTART CHECKLIST.
  39. Fire-warning Light (Aft)
    An engine fire was invoked by the FSX failure menu. Use Fire Extinguisher Switch.
    [FS2004-Compatibility: This light may not work in FS2004.]
  40. Fire-warning Lights Test Button
    Depress to test the fire warning lights and horn.
  41. Canopy Emergency Jettison Handle
    Pull to reset the current flight situation.
  42. Emergency Fuel Switch
    Switch to ON, if the main system has failed (ie. fuel pump failure, indicated by the Fuel Pressure Warning Light).
    [FS2004-Compatibility: FSX only, this switch has no effect if used in FS2004.]
  43. Accelerometer
    Red marks are limits for airplanes with no external loads: G force must not exceed -3 and 7 G maximum. General limitation for external load is 5 G. Push knob to reset the maximum and minimum needles.
  44. Hydraulic Pressure Gage
    The airplane has three seperate hydraulic systems: A UTILITY system, a flight control NORMAL system and a flight control ALTERNATE system. Pressure in any of the three hydraulic systems can be selectively read on a single pressure gage, as determined by the positioning of the Hydraulic Pressure Gage Selector Switch.
    The engine-pump driven UTILITY system supplies power for normal operation of landing gear, wheel brakes, nose wheel steering, and speed brakes. While rudder is conventionally operated by a cable control system (with electrically actuated trim tab), ailerons and the entire horizontal tail (stabilizer and elevator) are hydraulically actuated by two flight control systems, consisting of the engine-driven NORMAL system and an electrical backup pump, the ALTERNATE system. Maximum hydraulic pressure for all systems is 3200 PSI. The green arc (2550 to 3200 PSI) indicates normal hydraulic pressure for static (no-flow) conditions. If systems are in operation, hydraulic pressure may drop into the yellow arc (650 to 2550 PSI).
    Caution: Excessive operation of gear and speed brakes may cause hazardous loss of hydraulic pressure and malfunction in the UTILITY system.
  45. Hydraulic Pressure Gage Selector Switch
    Pressure in any of the three hydraulic systems can be read on the Hydraulic Pressure Gage by setting the switch to NORMAL, ALTERNATE or UTILITY.
  46. Alternate-on Warning Light
    Indicates, that the electrical hydraulic pump of the flight control ALTERNATE system is energized. This may happen automatically, if the NORMAL system is not able to maintain the minimum hydraulic pressure (650 PSI) or if the airplane is connected to an external power source. The ALTERNATE system also can be activated manually by setting the Flight Control Switch to position ALTERNATE-ON.
  47. Automatic Pilot - Master Switch
    Selects one of the following modes for the (completely fictitious and non-authentic) AFCS (automatic flight control system):

    OFF: The autopilot is turned off, but the Heading Selector Knob and the VS Selector may be used to pre-select a setting for desired heading course and vertical speed, which will become effective, if one of the other modes is activated later.

    ALT: Activates ALT hold only.
    The desired vertical speed must be specified with the VS Selector Switch. With this position, ALT hold remains active, no matter if the VS Mode Button is pushed or not.

    HDG: Activates ALT hold and HDG hold.
    Vertical speed is set according to the position of the VS Selector Switch, and new heading course will be the degrees indicated by the needle of the Directional Indicator (Slaved). Use Course Set knob of the Directional Indicator (Slaved) or the Heading Selector Knob to rotate the course needle, setting the desired heading course for the automatic pilot. The VS Mode Button may be pushed to delete ALT hold, allowing to fly with HDG hold only.

    ADF: Activates ALT hold and ADF hold.
    New heading course will be the bearing degrees to the NDB station tuned at the Compass Control Panel (course needle of Directional Indicator (Slaved) will point into same direction than the Radio Compass Indicator. VS Mode Button may be pushed to fly with ADF hold only, and without ALT hold.

    NAV: Activates ALT hold and NAV hold (or APR hold, in case of a localizer signal).
    If a VOR or VOR/DME frequency is set at VHF VOR Receiver (NAV1), or if the VOR1 Source Selector Switch is set to AUX (GPS-mode), the autopilot activates NAV hold. The VS Mode Button may be pushed to delete ALT hold if desired.
    However, if the selected frequency belongs to a localizer (ILS) signal, APR hold is activated instead of NAV hold, and the VS Mode Button may be pushed to delete GS (glide slope) hold, activating ALT hold. This is very useful for ILS landings on runways with a localizer only, but without glide slope signal, as with VS Mode Button pushed on, the desired vertical speed can be selected manually using the VS Selector Switch.
  48. Automatic Pilot - Heading Selector Knob
    Selects new heading course for use with autopilot mode HDG hold (Master Switch set to position HDG). The currently selected autopilot heading course is indicated by the needle of the Directional Indicator (Slaved).
    The Course Set knob of the Directional Indicator (Slaved) may also be used to set a new heading course.
  49. Automatic Pilot - VS Selector Switch
    If ALT hold is active (Master Switch set to position ALT, HDG, ADF, or NAV), the desired vertical speed can be set between -3200 and +3200 feet/min.
    CAUTION: It is not possible to specify a target altitude, autopilot won't level off! Airplane will climb or descent at the desired vertical speed until this switch is set back to neutral position (0 feet/min ).
    Depending on the position of the Master Switch, pushing the VS Mode Button may delete ALT hold, causing that the selected vertical speed is ignored.
  50. Automatic Pilot - VS Mode Button
    With Master Switch in position HDG, ADF, or NAV, ALT hold may be deleted (if active), by pushing on this button. However, with position NAV and APR hold active, pushing the button deletes GS hold, activating ALT hold instead.
    For better understanding, the autopilot defines three different levels of control for vertical speed:
       Level 0:   Pilot controls vertical speed
       Level 1:   As selected by VS Selector Switch (ALT hold active)
       Level 2:   Autopilot calculates proper vertical speed (GS hold active)
    The VS Mode Button does the following: Pushing the button causes the autopilot to switch to the next lower level of control (from 1 to 0 or from 2 to 1), while releasing the button restores the old (higher) level.
  51. Exhaust Temperature Gage
    Continuous gas temperature should be between 100 and 650°C, maximum stabilized is 690°C (military thrust, 30 mins). If possible, peak temperature during start should not exceed 750°C. However, if an exhaust temperature of 950°C or above is encountered for more than 2 secs, shutdown engine and record overtemperature condition in Form 781 (turbine wheel removal and hot-section inspection is required).
  52. Landing Gear Emergency Button
    [FS: With pressure low in utility hydraulic system, the pressure storage accumulator can be used for emergency lowering of the gear. Depress button, until gear has been fully extended (watch Gear Positions Indicator). Note, for the emergency system to work, the normal Landing Gear Handle must be in position DOWN.]
  53. Radio Compass Indicator
    With Compass Control - Function Selector Switch in position COMP, the needle points to the direction to the NDB station tuned (if a signal is received). Also refer to ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle) and SECTION E.
    Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the ID-249 Course Indicator (VOR1). Use as desired.
  54. ID-249 Course Indicator (VOR1)
    VOR/VORLOC indicator (VOR1) with CDI (course deviation indicator) and GSI (glide slope indicator) needles, TO-FROM indication, marker beacon light, heading pointer, OBS course indication window and selector knob.
    Bearing degrees to VOR or VOR/DME: Rotate OBS course selector knob until CDI needle centers with TO indication, then read bearing degrees to station in OBS course window. Note, that the heading pointer needle shows relative position of the airplane and therefore is not pointing towards the station.
    In GPS-mode (VOR1 Source Selector Switch set to AUX), CDI needle shows deviation to GPS track (use ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle) for indication of bearing degrees to next active waypoint).
    For use as localizer and glide slope indicator (ILS), enter final runway course in OBS course window using selector knob. Then, CDI needle indicates deviation from localizer beam and GSI needle shows vertical position to glide path. If both needles are centered, the airplane is on the correct course and altitude. Marker beacon light flashes according to morse code of the OUTER, MIDDLE and INNER markers. Marker sound can be toggled on/off with OMI Marker Sound Switch.
    Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Radio Compass Indicator (visible on default).
  55. Airspeed Indicator
    Red marking is Vne (no external load): 600 knots IAS. Maximum gear- and flaps down airspeed Vle is 185 knots IAS (yellow). The red and white limit hand points to the airspeed limit for external loads (drop tanks) below 15,000 feet, which is 555 knots IAS or 0.9 Mach, whichever is less. Above 15,000 feet, airpeed is unlimited except where wing roll becomes excessive.
  56. Landing Gear Handle
    Do not lower landing gear above 185 knots IAS.
  57. Mach Indicator
    Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the ID-310 Range Indicator (VOR1). Use as desired.
  58. ID-310 Range Indicator (VOR1)
    When a VOR station with DME (distance measure equipment) is received by the VHF VOR Receiver (NAV1), the distance in nautical miles is displayed.
    In GPS-mode (VOR1 Source Selector Switch set to AUX), the distance to the next active waypoint can be read.
    Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Mach Indicator (visible on default).
  59. Altimeter
    Use the left knob to adjust the altimeter to the local barometer pressure (or hit 'B'). Clicking into the barometer card window will display the exact calibration value currently tuned in.
  60. Voltmeter
    Shows generator bus voltage.
  61. Generator Warning Light
    Generator voltage must be higher than battery voltage (24 VOLTS).
  62. Loadmeter
    Indicates total electrical load amperes.
  63. Clock
    Knob allows to increment or decrement local time by one minute per click. Clicking upper half of the face will show digital time for easy reading.
  64. Directional Indicator (Slaved)
    This heading indicator is of type electro-magnetic slaved compass, and therefore not showing any gyro-drift. The needle is linked to the Automatic Pilot - Heading Course Selector Knob, showing the selected course in autopilot mode HDG hold. The Course Set knob can be used to select the desired autopilot heading course.
  65. Attitude Indicator (Vacuum)
    An electrical stand-by vacuum pump can be toggled with Stand-by Vacuum Pump Switch, if engine-driven vacuum pump fails.
  66. Tachometer
    Shows engine N2 RPM percent. Indicated range is 50 to 110% (small needle: 0 to 50%). Normal continuous operation is between 87 to 96% (green), while red line is limit for take-off and military thrust (100%, 30 min).
    Power settings below 70% RPM with gear up activate gear warning, as engine response below that RPM is poor (see Gear Horn Cut-out Button).
  67. Fuel Flowmeter
    Maximum fuel flow is 9000 lbs. per hour, minimum 200. Note, that the minimum reading of the gage is 500, requiring that the minimum radial be placed at 500 pounds per hour.
    Use Cockpit-Quick-Infos to get exact fuel flow and name of tank(s) currently feeding the engine.
  68. Cabin Pressure Altimeter
    Shows cabin altitude in feet. With canopy open, or Cockpit Pressure Control Switch in position RAM, the indicated pressure will correspond to the pressure altitude.
    [FS2004-Compatibility: Pressurization is available with FSX only. In FS2004, this gage always shows pressure altitude.]
    Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Oil Pressure Gage or the Fuel Pressure Gage.
  69. Oil Pressure Gage
    Minimum is 1 PSI (idle rpm), maximum oil pressure allowed is 22 PSI, while normal operation pressure should be between 8 and 18 PSI.
    Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Fuel Pressure Gage or the Cabin Pressure Altimeter.
  70. Fuel Pressure Gage
    Minimum is 20 PSI, maximum fuel pressure must not exceed 600 PSI, while normal continuous should be between 20 and 400 PSI (In FS, fuel pressure will be at approx. 40 PSI with fuel pump on, regardless of engine RPM).
    Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Oil Pressure Gage or the Cabin Pressure Altimeter.
  71. Fuel Quantity Gage
    IMPORTANT NOTE: If drop tanks are installed and not empty, the needle will show the amount of fuel left in the drop tanks, regardless if they are currently feeding or if internal fuel is used (Drop Tank Pressure Shutoff Valve in position OFF). The gage will show use of internal fuel when drop tank supply is depleted. Therefore, if a malfunction of the Drop Tank Empty Indicator Light is suspected, the use of internal fuel can be used as indication for empty drop tanks.
    For more details about the fuel tanks refer to APPENDIX 1.
  72. Kneeboard Popup Hotspot
    The small plate labeled CHECKLIST is a hotspot for toggling the FS kneeboard popup window.
  73. Vertical Velocity Indicator
  74. Turn-and-Slip Indicator
    Needle marks are for a 4-minute turn (type: electric gyro).
    Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle). Use as desired.
  75. ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle)
    If a valid VOR signal is received by the VHF VOR Receiver (NAV1), needle 1 points to the station. In GPS-mode (VOR1 Source Selector Switch set to AUX), the bearing to the next active waypoint is indicated.
    With Compass Control - Function Selector Switch in position COMP, needle 2 shows the direction to the NDB station tuned (if a signal is received). Also refer to Radio Compass Indicator and SECTION E.
    Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Turn-and-Slip Indicator (visible by default).

B. THROTTLE CONSOLE

Throttle Console Popup

  1. Stand-by Vacuum Pump Switch
    Toggles electrical stand-by vacuum pump. Used in emergency to keep Attitude Indicator (Vacuum) operative, if engine-driven vacuum pump has failed.
  2. Master Armament Switch
    Enables gun fire with joystick fire button (or press '.'). Exhausted guns can be re-equipped with ammunition, if ammo bay is opened (Shift-E2) while the aircraft is parked:
    a. Activate parking brake with Parking Brake Handle.
    b. Turn OFF Engine Master Switch.
    c. Set Battery-Starter Switch to position OFF.
    Note: Warning horn blares if switch is ON with gear extended (in FS, fire button can be used also for wheel braking).
  3. Alternate Static Switch
    Opens an alternate static source. Used in emergency, ie. to keep Airspeed Indicator working, if normal static port is blocked (ie. ice).
  4. Smoke Toggle Switch
    Show-pilots can have a smoke trail for their aerobatics.
  5. Drop Tank Jettison Button
    Drop tanks may be released by pushing this button at any time, regardless if they are currently feeding the engine or if they are empty or not (watch Drop Tanks Empty Indicator Light).
    [FS: Drop tanks can be dropped in chase view, too, if a keyboard code is assigned to the 'RELEASE ALL DROP TANKS' panel event. Important: Do not release tanks via keyboard command which are currently in use (engine will stall)! To drop non-empty tanks with keyboard command, you must first close the Drop Tank Pressure Shutoff Valve, forcing the fuel system to switch to an internal tank.]
  6. Speed Brake Emergency Lever
    With hydraulic pressure low in case of an emergency (ie. flame-out in flight), the speed brake can be closed by setting this lever to position EMERGENCY CLOSE (Speed Brake Switch on the Throttle may not work). However, if the Speed Brake Switch is not in position HOLD, and utility system hydraulic pressure is high enough, this lever will be overridden by the switch.
    [FS: Note, that the lever cannot be operated with the mouse in the 2D-Panel: The needed mouse area is completely covered by those needed for the Throttle. However, the corresponding lever in the VC-cockpit can be moved using the mouse and it is also possible to open/close the speed brake with a keyboard code assigned to the 'SPOILERS TOGGLE' panel event. On most FS installations, the '/'-key is already assigned to this event by default (other versions may use '#').]
  7. Wing Flap Lever
    Flaps will increase with lever set to DOWN and decrease in UP position. Moving flaps can be stopped at any intermediate position by setting the lever to HOLD (however, in FS, flaps will stop at the next possible -border). Maximum deflection is 40° (100% down). The instrument panel does not offer a flap indicator, therefore, the current position is displayed automatically in the top left edge of the screen (OSD) if the flaps are operated (see OSD Popup Hotspot).
    Vfe is 185 knots IAS, do not lower flaps above that airspeed.
  8. Throttle
    In position OFF, the engine is cut from any fuel, fuel pump and ignition system are turned off. For a successful engine start, throttle must be OFF at the time the starter is engaged. If the stick is advanced from OFF towards IDLE, it automatically moves a bit outboard first, energizing fuel pump and ignition system (Engine Master Switch must be ON).
    [FS2004-Compatibility: In FS2004, no fuel pump sound can be heard.]
    In outboard position, further advancing towards IDLE, riches mixture (fuel regulation) beginning at 1% until 100% is reached at IDLE. Use STARTING ENGINE CHECKLIST for normal start and GLIDE AND AIRSTART CHECKLIST for airstart procedure.
    If the throttle stick is above IDLE, it cannot be dragged with the mouse below that position (avoids inadvertently setting to OFF). The mouse button must be released and then clicked again at IDLE to allow the stick to be moved below towards OFF).
    The best mouse spot to operate the throttle stick in the 2D-Panel is clicking its lower part (Microphone Button and Speed Brake Switch have their own mouse areas, see APPENDIX 2).
    Apart from the normal power settings with keyboard keys F1-F4, the throttle stick can be operated using following commands (keys only work if throttle is at or below IDLE):
       Shift-Ctrl-F1   set to OFF (0% mixture)
       Shift-Ctrl-F2   lean mixture (stick moves from IDLE towards OFF)
       Shift-Ctrl-F3   enrich mixture (stick moves from OFF towards IDLE)
       Shift-Ctrl-F4   set to IDLE (100% mixture)
    [FS: If hardware throttles are used (as seperate device or part of the joystick), they must be calibrated in the way that idle power is not higher than 1% when fully pulled back. Otherwise it may happen, that they are 'reacting' (insisting on their power setting), making it impossible to move the throttle stick below IDLE with mouse pointer, or keyboard commands, or using a hardware mixture lever. Clicking the Throttle calibration entry on the Airplane Status Popup allows to temporarily disable the joystick/game controller during engine start procedure, if this problem exists and proper calibration is not possible.]
  9. Microphone Button
    Push to toggle FS ATC window (see also Radio Call Hotspot). VHF Command Radio (COM1) must be operative (on and powered).
  10. Speed Brake Switch
    A hydraulically operated speed brake on each side of the fuselage can be extended into the airstream by setting the switch to OUT position, while IN is retracting them. The speed brakes can be stopped in any intermediate position by setting the switch to NEUTRAL (HOLD). There is no speed brake position indicator, but the current position is automatically displayed in the top left screen edge (OSD) when operated (see OSD Popup Hotspot).
    The pressure for normal operation of the speed brakes is supplied by the utility hydraulic system. The speed brakes can open in approx. 2 seconds at high engine rpm (approx. 4 seconds at idle rpm). After the speed brakes have been opened or closed, the switch must be returned to the neutral HOLD position.
    There is also an emergency system for the speed brakes (utility hydraulic pressure low), operated with the Speed Brake Emergency Lever located left to the Throttle. However, if sufficient hydraulic pressure is available, this switch overrides the emergency system (speed brakes stay closed with position IN and open with OUT, regardless of the position of the Speed Brake Emergency Lever).
  11. Flight Control Switch
    The three positions are ALTERNATE-ON, NORMAL, and RESET (springloaded to NORMAL). Position ALTERNATE-ON energizes the electrical hydraulic pump of the flight control alternate hydraulic system (indicated by the Alternate-on Warning Light and is used only in case of emergency, if the flight control normal system cannot maintain the required hydraulic pressure for actuating the control surfaces (see also Hydraulic Pressure Gage). If the switch is moved to RESET all trim settings (longitudinal, lateral and rudder) are zeroed. The RESET position also may be used to recover from system malfunction or if a hydraulic failure was activated in the FSX failure menu. If the flight control alternate hydraulic system becomes operative automatically (ie. when external power is applied), it remains engaged until the flight control normal hydraulic system is manually selected using this switch. Also refer to GROUND TESTS CHECKLIST.
    [FS: If a flight situation is loaded, while the sim is paused, the alternate hydraulic system may activate, too. In that case, wait until the normal hydraulic pressure has stabilized, then move switch to RESET (or to ALTERNATE-ON) and back to NORMAL to switch off the alternate system.]
  12. Longitudinal Trim Switch
    Elevator trim range is between -12° (nose down) and +12° (nose up). In the Virtual Cockpit, the Normal Trim Switch on the control stick can be used for pitch trim (see APPENDIX 2).
  13. Rudder Trim Switch
    Trim range is between -12° (nose left) and 12° (nose right).
  14. Lateral Trim Switch
    Aileron trim range is between -12° (left) and 12° (right).
  15. Cockpit Pressure Control Switch
    In position RAM, there is no pressurization, cabin altitude adjusts to pressure altitude. If set to PRESS, cockpit is pressurized as follows: Above 12,500 feet, cabin altitude is maintained at 12,500 feet until a pressure altitude of 31,250 feet (Cockpit Pressure Schedule Selector Switch set to LOW) or 37,500 feet (position HIGH) is reached. Then, cabin altitude will begin to raise, if the airplane continues climbing (with Cockpit Pressure Schedule Selector Switch set to HIGH, rise will be slightly slower than with position LOW).
    [FS2004-Compatibility: Pressurization is available with FSX only. Switch has no effect in FS2004.]
  16. Cockpit Pressure Schedule Selector Switch
    With position HIGH, a cabin altitude of 12,500 feet can be maintained until a pressure altitude of 37,500 feet is reached, while with LOW, cabin altitude already begins to raise above 31,250 feet. To set cabin altitude to pressure altitude, move Cockpit Pressure Control Switch to RAM position.
    [FS2004-Compatibility: Pressurization is available with FSX only. Switch has no effect in FS2004.]
  17. Drop Tank Pressure Shutoff Valve
    In position ON, bleed air from engine compressor is directed into each drop tank, draining fuel into Fwd Fuselage Tank (upper cell). If the valve is closed (OFF), internal fuel is feeding. Set to OFF, if airplane is not equipped with external tanks or if drop tanks are empty.
    [FS: Do not release drop tanks with keyboard command which are currently in use (see Drop Tank Jettison Button and APPENDIX 1).]
    [FS: If a flight situation is saved and reloaded later, the valve position will be restored as OFF, except for the case, the drop tanks were feeding at the time when the flight was saved.]

C. OXYGEN REGULATOR PANEL

Oxygen Regulator Popup

  1. Oxygen Cylinder Pressure Indicator
    Shows amount of oxygen supply left. If pressure drops below 100 PSI, the Oxygen Warning Light will turn on. Clicking into the gauge will replace it with the Oxygen Flow Indicator.
  2. Oxygen Flow Indicator
    The Blinker indicates that the Oxygen Regulator Diluter Lever is not in OFF position. Clicking into the gauge will replace it with the Oxygen Cylinder Pressure Indicator (visible by default).
  3. Oxygen Regulator Diluter Lever
    Increases or decreases oxygen supply. Lever should be returned to NORMAL OXYGEN as soon as possible, because 100% will deplete the oxygen supply in less than 20 minutes.

D. VHF RECEIVERS & IFF/SIF CONTROL PANELS

VHF Receivers & IFF/SIF Control Popup

  1. VHF Command Radio (COM1) - Power Switch
    If switched to OFF, and the FS ATC window (toggle with Microphone Button or Radio Call Hotspot) or a keyboard command is used to set a new frequency for COM1, the radio automatically wakes up (switch moves to ON position).
  2. VHF Command Radio (COM1) - Frequency Selector
    Frequency range is between 118.000 and 136.975 MHz. Use outer wheel to increment or decrement frequency by 1 MHz, and inner rotary switch for setting the fraction. For exact mouse areas to set the frequency, see APPENDIX 2.
  3. VHF Command Radio (COM1) - Receiver Selector Knob
    Unused here, because there is no COM2 radio installed (COM1 is transmitting). In position BOTH, both radios can receive, while with MAIN, the transmitting radio (COM1 or COM2) is the only receiver.
  4. VHF VOR Receiver (NAV1) - Power Switch
    If switched to OFF, and a keyboard command is used to set a new frequency for NAV1, the receiver (type AN/ARN-14) automatically wakes up (switch moves to ON position).
    IMPORTANT NOTE: To connect the ID-249 Course Indicator (VOR1), ID-310 Range Indicator (VOR1), and ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle) with the VHF signal, the VOR1 Source Selector Switch must be set to VHF.
  5. VHF VOR Receiver (NAV1) - Frequency Selector
    Frequency range is between 108.00-117.95 MHz. Use outer wheel to increment or decrement the frequency by 1 MHz, and inner rotary switch for setting the frequency fraction. For exact mouse areas to set the frequency, see APPENDIX 2.
  6. VHF VOR Receiver (NAV1) - Volume Knob
    Toggles the ident sound on/off.
  7. VOR1 Source Selector Switch
    Selects navigation signal source for ID-249 Course Indicator (VOR1), ID-310 Range Indicator (VOR1), and ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle). In position VHF, the signal is taken from the VHF VOR Receiver (NAV1), while with switch set to AUX, the GPS signal is used (GPS Popup Icon).
  8. Main Instrument Inverter Switch
    Toggles electrical avionics bus. This switch has a warning light on the instrument panel (Main Instrument Inverter Failure Warning Light).
  9. OMI Marker Sound Switch
    Toggles marker beacon sound on/off (see ID-249 Course Indicator (VOR1)).
  10. SIF - Code 1 & 2 Dial-wheel
    Use outer wheel to set 1st digit of four digit transponder code, and the smaller inner dialer for the 2nd.
    For exact mouse areas, see APPENDIX 2.
    IMPORTANT NOTE:The Mode Selector Switch on the IFF Control Panel must be set to NORM to broadcast the transponder code selected on the SIF Control Panel. If the transponder code is changed, it is recommended to set the IFF - Mode Selector Switch to OFF, before operating the dial-wheels. After the desired transponder code has been entered, the switch can be set back to NORM. This avoids, that a wrong or misleading code is broadcasted while operating the dial-wheels.
    Note: If the Code 2 Selector Switch on the IFF Control Panel is set OFF, the 2nd transponder digit is always set 0, regardless of the position of the left-sided inner dial-wheel on the IFF Control Panel.
  11. SIF - Code 3 & 4 Dial-wheel
    Use outer wheel to set 3rd digit of four digit transponder code, and the smaller inner dialer for the 4th.
    For exact mouse areas, see APPENDIX 2.
    Note: If the Code 3 Selector Switch on the IFF Control Panel is set OFF, the 3rd transponder digit is always set 0, regardless of the position of the right side outer dial-wheel on the IFF Control Panel. See also SIF - Code 1 & 2 Dial-wheel.
  12. IFF - Mode Selector Switch
    The transponder radio broadcasts a four digit number, used for identification at air traffic control authorities.
    Position STDBY is used for VFR flights only, the broadcasted transponder code is 1200, regardless of the code dialed on the SIF Control Panel.
    To use the code selected by the SIF Control Panel, choose mode NORM. See also IFF - Code 2 Selector Switch, and IFF - Code 3 Selector Switch.
    EMERGENCY position must not be used except when emergency code 7700 is needed. The IFF - Lock Button must be pushed, before the switch can be moved to that position.
    With the switch set to OFF, no valid transponder code is broadcasted. Use this position, before entering a new code using the dial-wheels on the SIF Control Panel (avoids broadcasting of invalid codes).
  13. IFF - Lock Button
    Must be pushed, before the IFF - Mode Selector Switch can be moved to EMERGENCY.
  14. IFF - Code 2 Selector Switch
    Setting this switch to OFF, causes that the 2nd transponder digit is always 0, regardless of the digit entered on the SIF Control Panel. Military use only (ie. 0001: non-ATC controlled highspeed flight, 7001: sudden military climbout). For normal flights always keep this switch in position ON.
  15. IFF - Code 3 Selector Switch
    Setting this switch to OFF, causes that the 3rd transponder digit is always 0, regardless of the digit entered on the SIF Control Panel. Military use only. For normal flights always keep this switch in position ON.
  16. IFF - Radar/Target Switch
    Toggles radar. With radar on, other air traffic within 25 nautical miles is indicated by the Main Radar Warning Light. If used in a multiplayer session, only multiplayer aircraft will be recognized by the radar.

E. RADIO COMPASS CONTROL PANEL

Radio Compass Control Popup

The Compass Control Panel is simulating the remote control unit for a Bendix AN/ARN-6 (airborne radio navigational) radio compass as common in the 1950's. It uses a loop aerial, which is rotated to derive a bearing to the source of the tuned radio signal. While signal strength (visible on the tuning meter) minimizes if loop antenna is positioned squared to the station, the maximum (peak) value is reached, with loop antenna aligned in line with the bearing to the station, allowing to read correct bearing degrees on the compass rose of a radio compass indicator.
Development of ADF (automatic direction finder) receivers fitted with a motor-driven system for automatically turning the loop to the correct bearing, was a big improvement compared to older systems, requiring pilot or navigator to operate the loop aerial manually by hand, and also the potential danger of being misleaded if the station is behind the aircraft was eliminated.

Automatic bearing to NDB (recommended):

a. Set Function Selector Switch to position COMP.
b. Use Range (Band) Selector Switch to select the frequency band covering the desired station.
c. Tune in exact frequency with Frequency Tuning Knob.
If a valid signal is received, the Radio Compass Indicator and needle 2 of the ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle) show the correct bearing to the station and the ADF mode of the Automatic Pilot may be used.

Using the ADF receiver for manual bearings:

a. Set Function Selector Switch to position ANT.
b. Use Range (Band) Selector Switch to select the frequency band covering the desired station.
c. Tune in exact frequency with Frequency Tuning Knob.
d. If a radio signal is indicated on Tuning Meter, move Function Selector Switch to position LOOP.
e. Turn loop with Loop Rotation Switch in either direction until Tuning Meter needle maximizes.
With peak signal strength, read bearing degrees on Radio Compass Indicator or needle 2 of the ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle).

  1. Compass Control - Function Selector Switch
    Use position COMP for automatic rotation of loop aerial to correct position. If a valid signal is received, the Radio Compass Indicator and needle 2 of the ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle) are pointing to the station.
    Position ANT connects receiver to wire antenna. This position can be used for easier tuning and identifying the station on Tuning Meter (increased signal strength compared to position COMP). Note: Displayed bearing degrees may be not correct with switch set to ANT (no indication of direction in this position).
    With the switch set to LOOP, loop antenna must be rotated manually using the Loop Rotation Switch. Used only for manual bearings (the needle of the Tuning Meter must show peak signal strength, otherwise the indicated bearing degrees may be incorrect).
  2. Compass Control - Tuning Meter
    Needle displays signal strength of the station currently tuned.
  3. Compass Control - Loop Rotation Switch
    When doing manual bearings, the motor driving the loop antenna can be actuated in either direction by moving the switch to left or right. IMPORTANT NOTE: The Function Selector Switch must be set to LOOP, before the loop can be manually turned.
    For a usable bearing, the loop must be rotated to the position which is producing peak signal strength (Tuning Meter needle maximizes). The Cockpit-Quick-Infos show current bearing error in degrees, helping to find out, in which direction the loop antenna must be turned.
    The CW Oscillator Switch can be used for amplifying the received signal if necessary, allowing a more precise positioning of loop antenna.
  4. Compass Control - Frequency Display
    Indicates frequency of the station tuned in with Frequency Tuning Knob in the selected band (1-4). Clicking into the display window toggles digital readout of frequency for improved readability. Use as desired.
  5. Compass Control - Range (Band) Selector Switch
    Frequency range is 100-1750 KHz, covered by 4 bands:
       Band 1   100-200 KHz
       Band 2   200-410 KHz
       Band 3   410-850 KHz
       Band 4   850-1750 KHz
    Band-switching on the AN/ARN-6 is done electrically by setting the switch on the control panel to the desired position.
  6. Compass Control - Frequency Tuning Knob
    Tunes to a radio signal within the frequency band selected by the Range (Band) Selector Switch. Allows continuous frequency changing in 0.1 KHz steps throughout the complete range of the selected band by remote controlling an electric motor in the receiver.
    There are mouse spots for frequency inc-/decrementing in 0.1, 1, and 20 KHz steps (see APPENDIX 2.)
    Click into Frequency Display window to toggle a digital readout of the current frequency tuned. Can be used for easier frequency setting.
  7. Compass Control - Display Light Control Switch
    Toggles background light in the Frequency Display window to improve readability at night.
  8. Compass Control - Volume Knob
    Toggles the NDB ident sound (audible indication that a radio signal is received).
  9. Compass Control - CW Oscillator Switch
    Here, this switch amplifies the received radio signal for better indication of signal strength on Tuning Meter. Use as desired. The Function Selector Switch must be in position ANT or LOOP.
  10. Instrument Panel Lights Control Switch
    Turns cockpit lights on/off.
    In the Virtual Cockpit, this switch is located at the right cockpit wall (See APPENDIX 2).

APPENDIX 1. FUEL TANK SYSTEM

The airplane must be serviced with grade JP-4 fuel (6.5 lbs./gal).
[FS: In FS2004/FSX, jet fuel is converted 6.7 pounds per gallon, causing an overweight condition with all tanks filled 100%.]
The fuel weights given in tables below correspond to the conversion method used by FS2004/FSX:

 Internal Fuel Quantity FS2004/FSX
Fuel Menu
Capacity
gals (lbs.)
 Fwd Fuselage Tank (lower cell) Middle 90 (603)
 Left Wing Tank Left 67 (449)
 Right Wing Tank Right 67 (449)
 Fwd Fuselage Tank (upper cell) Center 2 106 (710)
 Aft Fuselage Tank Center 3 105 (703)

Use of external drop tanks is optional:

 Left Drop Tank External 1 200 (1340)
 Right Drop Tank External 2 200 (1340)

To avoid total weight exceeding maximum gross weight, we recommend to reduce fuel in Fwd Fuselage Tank (upper cell) and/or Aft Fuselage Tank (use FS2004/FSX fuel and payload menu and save flight as new start-up situation).
[FS: Although possible, do not refill external tanks which already have been dropped. The fuel cannot be burned and tanks will remain considered dropped by FS2004/FSX until the flight situation is saved and reloaded (see below).]

Creating flight situations with or without external tanks:

During init (when aircraft is loaded), external tanks are detected as attached to the aircraft if they are not completely empty. Therefore, to create a start-up situation for a Sabre without external tanks, drop the tanks on ground (or completely empty them in the FS fuel and payload menu). Then, save the situation as new flight.
To create a flight situation with empty external tanks (visible but with no fuel inside), do not completely empty the drop tanks in the FS fuel and payload menu, instead keep a minimum amount of fuel (ie. 1 gallon per tank), to be detected when the flight is loaded next time.
Example: Your flight consists of more than one session and during each leg, external tanks are to be used and dropped. To ensure that the aircraft will be re-fitted with drop tanks at the beginning of the next leg, refuel the drop tanks before you save the current situation as start-up situation for the next leg (FS allows to refuel the tanks in the FS fuel and payload menu although they have been dropped earlier).

Recommended filling order:

a. Fwd Fuselage Tank (lower cell)
b. Left Wing Tank and Right Wing Tank
c. Fwd Fuselage Tank (upper cell) and/or Aft Fuselage Tank
d. Left Drop Tank and Right Drop Tank
When calculating the amount of fuel needed, ensure, that the maximum landing weight (15,475 lbs.) won't be exceeded.
Airplane weight and balance data (center of gravity) may be checked at any time during a flight with Airplane Status Popup window and the Cockpit-Quick-Infos of the Fuel Flowmeter displays the tank name currently feeding the engine.

Fuel usage procedure:

All tanks drain directly or indirectly into Fwd Fuselage Tank (lower cell), therefore being always the last tank which becomes empty.

1. If drop tanks are installed, set Drop Tank Pressure Shutoff Valve to position ON.

Fuel from external drop tanks is used first. Bleed air from engine compressor is directed into each drop tank, draining fuel from there into Forward Fuselage Tank (upper cell). For engine start, or with Drop Tank Pressure Shutoff Valve closed, internal fuel is used. When drop tanks are empty or have been released, the Fuel Quantitiy Gage needle automatically indicates the amount of internal fuel.

2. When drop tanks are depleted, set Drop Tank Pressure Shutoff Valve to OFF and release tanks with Drop Tank Jettison Button.

3. Use Fuel Transfer Pump Switch to consume either fuel from Aft Fuselage Tank or Forward Fuselage Tank (upper cell).

Both, the Forward Fuselage Tank (upper cell) and Aft Fuselage Tank drain into Forward Fuselage Tank (lower cell), but fuel transfer from Aft Fuselage Tank requires an electrical transfer pump. Therefore, the position of the Fuel Transfer Pump Switch decides, which tank is emptied first: If turned ON, the fuel from Aft Fuselage Tank is feeding, otherwise fuel is taken from Forward Fuselage Tank (upper cell): May be used for trimming, ie. center of gravity is shifted towards nose if fuel transfer pump is turned on.

Once the Forward Fuselage Tank (upper cell) has completely drained into Forward Fuselage Tank (lower cell), and the Aft Fuselage Tank is exhausted, too (or its fuel cannot be used because of the transfer pump is turned off), the Left/Right Wing Tanks as well as the Forward Fuselage Tank (lower cell) are consumed simultaneously. Since the wing tanks contain much less fuel, they get exhausted before the Forward Fuselage Tank (lower cell), so that this is always the last tank getting empty.

Due to limitations within the FS2004/FSX fuel system, there is a slightly different fuel consumption in case of the drop tanks or the Aft Fuselage Tank contain fuel, which can't be burned. In that case, the wing tanks are emptied completely before any fuel from the Forward Fuselage Tank (lower cell) is taken (and not simultaneously together with the fuselage tank).

APPENDIX 2. SPECIAL CLICKSPOTS AND MOUSE AERAS

Instrument Panel (VC):

VC Forward LeftVC Control StickVC Right Side

  1. Virtual Cockpit - Normal Trim Switch
    Elevator trim range is between -12° (nose down) and +12° (nose up). In the 2D-Panel, the Longitudinal Trim Switch on the left side console is used for pitch trim (SECTION B).
  2. Virtual Cockpit - Remove Control Stick Switch
    Click the switch to make the control stick in the Virtual Cockpit visible or invisible. Use for better readability of instruments located behind the control stick.
  3. Virtual Cockpit - Gear Horn Cut-out Button
    Gear warning horn activates with idle power without undercarriage down. This button may be used to silence the horn during a descent from high altitude when a power setting below 70% RPM is required.
  4. Virtual Cockpit - Pitot Heater Switch
    This switch is difficult to spot in normal view. Use keyboard commands Shift-Return and Shift-Backspace to set panel view up/down).
  5. Virtual Cockpit - Instrument Panel Lights Control Switch
    Turns cockpit lights on/off (for operating this switch use keyboard commands Shift-Return and Shift-Backspace to set panel view up/down).
    For the Instrument Panel Lights Control Switch in 2D-Panel, refer to SECTION E.

Instrument Panel (2D):

Instrument Panel

Some mouse areas also exist in the virtual cockpit:

Left Side Popup Panels (2D):

Throttle ConsoleOxygen Regulator Panel

The Speed Brake Emergency Lever hasn't got a mouse area. Use keyboard command (hit "/") or operate in VC-Cockpit.

Right Side Popup Panels (2D):

IFF/SIF Control PanelsRadio Compass Control

Airplane Status Window:

Status Popup Window

Mouse areas may differ and toggle different functions dependent to the status page which is currently selected.
CAUTION: Mouse-clicking the entry Throttle calibration (page 2) allows to activate or deactivate your joystick/yoke (see Throttle in SECTION B). Please be careful to not inadvertently deactivate your joystick.

REFERENCE North American F-86E/F Sabre Changed 2 October 2008