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North American F-86E/F Sabre: Instrument Panel Reference
• Special Clickspots and Mouseover Areas
• Throttle Console
• Oxygen Regulator Panel
• VHF Receivers & IFF/SIF Control Panels
• Radio Compass Control Panel
• Fuel Tank System
IMPORTANT: All information is inteded for use with Microsoft Flight Simulator only and not for real aviation. It is also strongly recommended that read the Flight Manual and Checklist before your first flight.
- Throttle Console Popup Icon Move mouse arrow over hotspot to show icons for popup panels. For more info see SECTION B in the Flight Manual.
- Flight Map Popup Icon
- GPS Popup Icon To connect the ID-249 Course Indicator (VOR1), ID-310 Range Indicator (VOR1), and ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle) to the GPS signal, the VOR1 Source Selector Switch must be set to AUX.
- VHF Receivers & IFF/SIF Control Popup Icon Move mouse arrow over hotspot to show icons for popup panels. For more see SECTION D.
- Radio Compass Control Popup Icon Move mouse arrow over hotspot to show icons for popup panels. Refer to SECTION E for more info.
- External Power Switch Setting this switch to ON connects the aircraft to an external electrical power source. Engine cannot be started without external power, starter motor won't activate (not equipped with iso propyl nitrate starter). Also, the Parking Brake Handle must be set to IN, before external power can be supplied. If the aircraft has been connected successfully to the external power source, a power cart can be seen and heard working near the aircraft. In FSX, this may take a few seconds after the power cart has appeared and electrical power actually is available and the sound is heard.
FS9 Compatibility Issue: External power is supported with FSX only. With FS2004 and the Battery-Starter Switch in position OFF, the electrical main bus is not energized (ie. no warning light will work), although the power cart sound is audible. But, engine can be started though in FS2004 (starter will activate).
- Generator Switch
- Engine Master Switch Setting this switch to OFF, the engine is cut from any fuel and the electrical fuel pump won't work, regardless of the the current throttle position.
- Emergency Ignition Switch Needed only during airstart. See Glide and Airstart section of the Pilot's Checklist for restarting the engine after flame-out in flight.
- Fire Extinguisher Switch Extinguishes both kinds of engine fires, invoked by the FSX failure menu or caused by engine overstress due to flying longer than 30 minutes with military thrust (100%). The fire extinguisher bottle may be discharged only once during flight.
- Battery-Starter Switch There is only one switch for battery and starter, the three positions are BATTERY (battery on), OFF (battery off), and STARTER (starter on). Therefore, to engage the starter, the switch must be moved to down-position (momentarily only, it's spring-loaded to OFF, there is no need to hold the switch in that position to keep the starter motor working). The starter automatically cuts out at approximately 23% rpm. However, a Stop Starter Button for start abort is available. Note, the starter can't be activated without external electrical power. This also implies, that this switch is not used for a flame-out airstart.See Glide and Airstart section of the Pilot's Checklist
FS9 Compatibility Issue: In FS2004, after activating the starter, the switch will move not to OFF, but to BATTERY instead, because battery is not cut out during engine start (otherwise engine wouldn't start). See External Power Switch.
- Stop Starter Button Use, if starter motor is not cut out automatically, or for engine start abort, ie. if overtemperature condition (> 950°C) is encountered.
FS9 Compatibility Issue: It may take a few seconds until starter actually stops.
- Starter Active Indicator Light Indicates, that the starter motor is engaged.
- Fuel Transfer Pump Switch To burn fuel from the Aft Fuselage Tank, the transfer pump must be turned on. Note, that fuel in the drop tanks will be consumed first, as long as the Drop Tank Pressure Shutoff Valve is open. However, if internal fuel is used, the fuel transfer pump can be toggled to consume the Aft Fuselage Tank before the Fwd Fuselage Tank (upper cell) or any other internal tank. See Fuel Tank System Reference for a more detailed description of the fuel tank system. Note: If a flight situation is saved and reloaded later, the switch position will be restored to OFF, except for the case, the Aft Fuselage Tank was feeding at the time when the flight was saved (FS2004/FSX does not save the state of the fuel transfer pump).
- Landing and Taxi Lights Switch
- Position Lights Switch Positions are STEADY, OFF, and FLASH.
- Stand-By Compass For emergency use only, when Directional Indicator has failed. Either magnetic or vacuum-driven (see Stand-by Compass Switch below).
- Stand-By Compass Switch Toggles Stand-by Compass vacuum.
- Canopy Switch Note: Canopy cannot be opened over 218 knots IAS.
- Parking Brake Handle Note: External power won't be available with parking brake not set (see External Power Switch).
- Engine Anti-ice and Screens Switch Position EXTEND installs engine screens, ie. used before landing (See Pre-Traffc-Pattern section of the Pilot's Checklist). However, set to ANTI-ICE, if icing conditions are anticipated.
FS9 Compatibility Issue: In position ANTI-ICE, structural deicing is not toggled in FS2004.
- Gear Horn Cut-Out Button Gear warning horn activates with idle power without undercarriage down. This button may be used to silence the horn during a descent from high altitude when a power setting below 70% RPM is required.
- Gear Positions Indicator Shows green stripes (gear down and safe) or red stripes (gear up or unsafe) seperately for each gear, nose, left main, and right main. Note, that the gear position indicators move to red (unsafe) without electrical power (ie. when parked).
- Pitot Heater Switch
- Missile Control Panel - Target Indicator Light Radar target within missile fire range. For this light to work, the Master Armament Switch and the IFF - R/T Switch must be ON.
- Missile Control Panel - G-Limit Light Indicates, that the current acceleration (G force) is beyond the limits for safe missile launch. Master Armament Switch must be ON.
- Gun-Sight Hotspot Clicking this hotspot will remove the camera optics, the gun-sight or both. If desired, use for better outside frontal view in 2D-Panel.
FS9 Compatibility Issue: Gun-sight may look different in FS2004 due to missing alpha blending effect.
- OSD Popup Hotspot The left part of the plate showing the emergency escape instructions is a hotspot for configuring the on-screen-display (OSD) located in the top left screen edge: By default, the current gear, flaps or speed brake positions are automatically displayed there, if one of the three systems is operated. Clicking the hotspot allows to completely turn off the feature (no indication), or on again.
- Aircraft Status Popup Hotspot The right part of the plate showing the emergency escape instructions is a hotspot for toggling a popup window displaying information about the current airplane status, like weight and balance data, fuel left, used tank, center of gravity, current trim and other valuable data.
- Radio Call Hotspot The radio call plate shows aircraft ATC ID number and clicking toggles the FS ATC window (can also be done with Microphone Button on throttle grip). VHF Command Radio (COM1) must be operative.
- Fuel Pressure Warning Light This light activates if the electrical fuel pump is not working at all or if fuel pressure is less than 20 PSI. CAUTION: Limit for inverted flight is 10 seconds. Do not exceed. (Danger of flame-out due to low fuel pressure or failure of pump).
- Fuel Filter Deicing Button Depress button to activate the anti-icing system.
- Main Instrument Inverter Failure Warning Light Indicates that the electrical avionics bus is not energized (due to a failure invoked by the FS failure menu or the Main Instrument Inverter Switch is turned OFF).
- Drop Tank Empty Indicator Light If drop tank supply is depleted and engine is feeded by internal fuel, drop tanks can be released by pushing the Drop Tank Jettison Button, located on the left side console. Also see Fuel Quantity Gage.
- Main Radar Warning Light A blinking light indicates other air traffic within 25 nautical miles. Use Cockpit-Quick-Infos to get distance, altitude and magnetic course to the detected AI aircraft. If used in a multiplayer session, only multiplayer aircraft will be recognized. The radar must be operative (IFF - Radar/Target Switch set ON).
- Oxygen Warning Light An oxygen cylinder pressure less than 100 PSI will activate the light. Oxygen Regulator Diluter Lever should be returned to NORMAL OXYGEN as soon as possible, because 100% will deplete the oxygen supply to a hazardous level in a short time. The Oxygen Warning Light is also a hotspot to open or close the Oxygen Regulator Panel (See SECTION C).
- Take-Off (Trim) Position Indicator Light The aircraft is in trim for take-off, if aileron trim and rudder trim is neutral (centered), and elevator trim is in a +2° (nose-up) condition: Move Flight Control Switch to RESET (zeros all trim settings), then use Longitudinal Trim Switch (left side console) or Normal Trim Switch on the control stick (VC only) for nose-up trimming until the light turns on.
- Fire-Warning Light (Fwd) May activate, if engine is overstressed caused by flying too long with military thrust. Use Fire Extinguisher Switch. If engine has failed, a restart may be possible using the airstart procedure described in the Glide and Airstart Section of the Pilot's Checklist.
- Fire-Warning Light (Aft) An engine fire was invoked by the FSX failure menu. Use Fire Extinguisher Switch.
FS9 Compatibility Issue: This light may not work in FS2004.
- Fire-warning Lights Test Button Depress to test the fire warning lights and horn.
- Canopy Emergency Jettison Handle Pull to reset the current flight situation.
- Emergency Fuel Switch Switch to ON, if the main system has failed (ie. fuel pump failure, indicated by the Fuel Pressure Warning Light).
FS9 Compatibility Issue: FSX only, this switch has no effect if used in FS2004.
- Accelerometer Red marks are limits for airplanes with no external loads: G force must not exceed -3 and 7 G maximum. General limitation for external load is 5 G. Push knob to reset the maximum and minimum needles.
- Hydraulic Pressure Gage The airplane has three seperate hydraulic systems: A UTILITY system, a flight control NORMAL system and a flight control ALTERNATE system. Pressure in any of the three hydraulic systems can be selectively read on a single pressure gage, as determined by the positioning of the Hydraulic Pressure Gage Selector Switch. The engine-pump driven UTILITY system supplies power for normal operation of landing gear, wheel brakes, nose wheel steering, and speed brakes. While rudder is conventionally operated by a cable control system (with electrically actuated trim tab), ailerons and the entire horizontal tail (stabilizer and elevator) are hydraulically actuated by two flight control systems, consisting of the engine-driven NORMAL system and an electrical backup pump, the ALTERNATE system. Maximum hydraulic pressure for all systems is 3200 PSI. The green arc (2550 to 3200 PSI) indicates normal hydraulic pressure for static (no-flow) conditions. If systems are in operation, hydraulic pressure may drop into the yellow arc (650 to 2550 PSI). CAUTION: Excessive operation of gear and speed brakes may cause hazardous loss of hydraulic pressure and malfunction in the UTILITY system.
- Hydraulic Pressure Gage Selector Switch Pressure in any of the three hydraulic systems can be read on the Hydraulic Pressure Gage by setting the switch to NORMAL, ALTERNATE or UTILITY.
- Alternate-On Warning Light Indicates, that the electrical hydraulic pump of the flight control ALTERNATE system is energized. This may happen automatically, if the NORMAL system is not able to maintain the minimum hydraulic pressure (650 PSI) or if the airplane is connected to an external power source. The ALTERNATE system also can be activated manually by setting the Flight Control Switch to position ALTERNATE-ON.
- Automatic Pilot - Master Switch Selects one of the following modes for the (completely fictitious and non-authentic) AFCS (automatic flight control system):
• OFF: The autopilot is turned off, but the Heading Selector Knob and the VS Selector may be used to pre-select a setting for desired heading course and vertical speed, which will become effective, if one of the other modes is activated later.
• ALT: Activates ALT hold only. The desired vertical speed must be specified with the VS Selector Switch. With this position, ALT hold remains active, no matter if the VS Mode Button is pushed or not.
• HDG: Activates ALT hold and HDG hold . Vertical speed is set according to the position of the VS Selector Switch, and new heading course will be the degrees indicated by the needle of the Directional Indicator (Slaved). Use Course Set knob of the Directional Indicator (Slaved) or the Heading Selector Knob to rotate the course needle, setting the desired heading course for the automatic pilot. The VS Mode Button may be pushed to delete ALT hold , allowing to fly with HDG hold only.
• ADF: Activates ALT hold and ADF hold. New heading course will be the bearing degrees to the NDB station tuned at the Compass Control Panel (course needle of Directional Indicator (Slaved) will point into same direction than the Radio Compass Indicator. VS Mode Button may be pushed to fly with ADF hold only, and without ALT hold.
• NAV: Activates ALT hold and NAV hold (or APR hold , in case of a localizer signal). If a VOR or VOR/DME frequency is set at VHF VOR Receiver (NAV1), or if the VOR1 Source Selector Switch is set to AUX (GPS-mode), the autopilot activates NAV hold. The VS Mode Button may be pushed to delete ALT hold if desired. However, if the selected frequency belongs to a localizer (ILS) signal, APR hold is activated instead of NAV hold, and the VS Mode Button may be pushed to delete GS (glide slope) hold, activating ALT hold. This is very useful for ILS landings on runways with a localizer only, but without glide slope signal, as with VS Mode Button pushed on, the desired vertical speed can be selected manually using the VS Selector Switch.
- Automatic Pilot - Heading Selector Knob
Selects new heading course for use with autopilot mode HDG hold (Master Switch set to position HDG). The currently selected autopilot heading course is indicated by the needle of the Directional Indicator (Slaved). The Course Set knob of the Directional Indicator (Slaved) may also be used to set a new heading course.
- Automatic Pilot - VS Selector Switch If ALT hold is active (Master Switch set to position ALT, HDG, ADF, or NAV), the desired vertical speed can be set between -3200 and +3200 feet/min.
CAUTION: It is not possible to specify a target altitude, autopilot won't level off! Airplane will climb or descent at the desired vertical speed until this switch is set back to neutral position (0 feet/min ).
Depending on the position of the Master Switch, pushing the VS Mode Button may delete ALT hold, causing that the selected vertical speed is ignored.
- Automatic Pilot - VS Mode Button With Master Switch in position HDG, ADF, or NAV, ALT hold may be deleted (if active), by pushing on this button. However, with position NAV and APR hold active, pushing the button deletes GS hold, activating ALT hold instead.
For better understanding, the autopilot defines three different levels of control for vertical speed:
• Level 0: Pilot controls vertical speed
• Level 1: As selected by VS Selector Switch (ALT hold active)
• Level 2: Autopilot calculates proper vertical speed GS hold active)
The VS Mode Button does the following: Pushing the button causes the autopilot to switch to the next lower level of control (from 1 to 0 or from 2 to 1), while releasing the button restores the old (higher) level.
- Exhaust Temperature Gage Continuous gas temperature should be between 100 and 650°C, maximum stabilized is 690°C (military thrust, 30 mins). If possible, peak temperature during start should not exceed 750°C. However, if an exhaust temperature of 950°C or above is encountered for more than 2 secs, shutdown engine and record overtemperature condition in Form 781 (turbine wheel removal and hot-section inspection is required).
- Landing Gear Emergency Button With pressure low in utility hydraulic system, the pressure storage accumulator can be used for emergency lowering of the gear. Depress button, until gear has been fully extended (watch Gear Positions Indicator). Note, for the emergency system to work, the normal Landing Gear Handle must be in position DOWN.
- Radio Compass Indicator With Compass Control - Function Selector Switch in position COMP, the needle points to the direction to the NDB station tuned (if a signal is received). Also refer to ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle) and SECTION E.
Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the ID-249 Course Indicator (VOR1). Use as desired.
- ID-249 Course Indicator (VOR1) VOR/VORLOC indicator (VOR1) with CDI course deviation indicator) and GSI (glide slope indicator) needles, TO-FROM indication, marker beacon light, heading pointer, OBS course indication window and selector knob. Bearing degrees to VOR or VOR/DME: Rotate OBS course selector knob until CDI needle centers with TO indication, then read bearing degrees to station in OBS course window. Note, that the heading pointer needle shows relative position of the airplane and therefore is not pointing towards the station. In GPS-mode (VOR1 Source Selector Switch set to AUX), CDI needle shows deviation to GPS track (use ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle) for indication of bearing degrees to next active waypoint). For use as localizer and glide slope indicator (ILS), enter final runway course in OBS course window using selector knob. Then, CDI needle indicates deviation from localizer beam and GSI needle shows vertical position to glide path. If both needles are centered, the airplane is on the correct course and altitude. Marker beacon light flashes according to morse code of the OUTER, MIDDLE and INNER markers. Marker sound can be toggled on/off with OMI Marker Sound Switch. Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Radio Compass Indicator (visible on default).
- Airspeed Indicator Red marking is Vne (no external load): 600 knots IAS. Maximum gear- and flaps down airspeed Vle is 185 knots IAS (yellow). The red and white limit hand points to the airspeed limit for external loads (drop tanks) below 15,000 feet, which is 555 knots IAS or 0.9 Mach, whichever is less. Above 15,000 feet, airpeed is unlimited except where wing roll becomes excessive.
- Landing Gear Handle Do not lower landing gear above 185 knots IAS.
- Mach Indicator Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the ID-310 Range Indicator (VOR1). Use as desired.
- ID-310 Range Indicator (VOR1) When a VOR station with DME (distance measure equipment) is received by the VHF VOR Receiver (NAV1), the distance in nautical miles is displayed. In GPS-mode (VOR1 Source Selector Switch set to AUX), the distance to the next active waypoint can be read.
Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Mach Indicator (visible on default).
- Altimeter Use the left knob to adjust the altimeter to the local barometer pressure (or hit 'B'). Clicking into the barometer card window will display the exact calibration value currently tuned in.
- Voltmeter Shows generator bus voltage.
- Generator Warning Light Generator voltage must be higher than battery voltage (24 VOLTS).
- Loadmeter Indicates total electrical load amperes.
- Clock Knob allows to increment or decrement local time by one minute per click. Clicking upper half of the face will show digital time for easy reading.
- Directional Indicator (Slaved) This heading indicator is of type electro-magnetic slaved compass, and therefore not showing any gyro-drift. The needle is linked to the Automatic Pilot - Heading Course Selector Knob, showing the selected course in autopilot mode HDG hold. The Course Set knob can be used to select the desired autopilot heading course.
- Attitude Indicator (Vacuum) An electrical stand-by vacuum pump can be toggled with Stand-by Vacuum Pump Switch, if engine-driven vacuum pump fails.
- Tachometer Shows engine N2 RPM percent. Indicated range is 50 to 110% (small needle: 0 to 50%). Normal continuous operation is between 87 to 96% (green), while red line is limit for take-off and military thrust (100%, 30 min). Power settings below 70% RPM with gear up activate gear warning, as engine response below that RPM is poor (see Gear Horn Cut-out Button).
- Fuel Flowmeter Maximum fuel flow is 9000 lbs. per hour, minimum 200. Note, that the minimum reading of the gage is 500, requiring that the minimum radial be placed at 500 pounds per hour. Use Cockpit-Quick-Infos to get exact fuel flow and name of tank(s) currently feeding the engine.
- Cabin Pressure Altimeter Shows cabin altitude in feet. With canopy open, or Cockpit Pressure Control Switch in position RAM, the indicated pressure will correspond to the pressure altitude.
FS9 Compatibility Issue: Pressurization is available with FSX only. In FS2004, this gage always shows pressure altitude. Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Oil Pressure Gage or the Fuel Pressure Gage.
- Oil Pressure Gage Minimum is 1 PSI (idle rpm), maximum oil pressure allowed is 22 PSI, while normal operation pressure should be between 8 and 18 PSI. Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Fuel Pressure Gage or the Cabin Pressure Altimeter.
- Fuel Pressure Gage Minimum is 20 PSI, maximum fuel pressure must not exceed 600 PSI, while normal continuous should be between 20 and 400 PSI (In FS, fuel pressure will be at approx. 40 PSI with fuel pump on, regardless of engine RPM). Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Oil Pressure Gage or the Cabin Pressure Altimeter.
- Fuel Quantity Gage IMPORTANT NOTE: If drop tanks are installed and not empty, the needle will show the amount of fuel left in the drop tanks, regardless if they are currently feeding or if internal fuel is used (Drop Tank Pressure Shutoff Valve in position OFF). The gage will show use of internal fuel when drop tank supply is depleted. Therefore, if a malfunction of the Drop Tank Empty Indicator Light is suspected, the use of internal fuel can be used as indication for empty drop tanks. For more details about the fuel tanks refer to Fuel Tank System Reference.
- Kneeboard Popup Hotspot The small plate labeled CHECKLIST is a hotspot for toggling the FS kneeboard popup window.
- Vertical Velocity Indicator
- Turn-and-Slip Indicator Needle marks are for a 4-minute turn (type: electric gyro). Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle). Use as desired.
- ID-250 Radio Magnetic Indicator (2-needle) If a valid VOR signal is received by the VHF VOR Receiver (NAV1), needle 1 points to the station. In GPS-mode (VOR1 Source Selector Switch set to AUX), the bearing to the next active waypoint is indicated. With Compass Control - Function Selector Switch in position COMP, needle 2 shows the direction to the NDB station tuned (if a signal is received). Also refer to Radio Compass Indicator and SECTION E. Clicking into the gauge face will replace it with the Turn-and-Slip Indicator (visible by default).